- Scalene triangle: All sides have different length.
- Isosceles triangle: Exactly two sides have the same length.
- Equilateral triangle: All three sides have the same length.
If two sides in a triangle are congruent, then the angles opposite them are congruent.
Classify the triangle in the coordinate plane
Classify the triangle by its sides and its angles.
We have found that two of the sides, and have the same length. Thus, it is an isosceles triangle. Consequently, the base angles, and are congruent and acute. Since the third angle, is also acute we can conclude that it is an acute triangle. Thus, the triangle can be classified as isosceles and acute.
The sum of the interior angles of is
|Interior Angles Theorem|
To begin, draw a line, that passes through and is parallel to and create three angles and
Together, the three angles make a straight angle. Thus, the sum of their measures is Because, and is a transversal, and are alternate interior angles. Thus, according to the Alternate Interior Angles Theorem, By the same reasoning,
Two congruent angles have the same measure. This can be used to rewrite the sum of the three angles. Therefore, the sum of the interior angles of a triangle is This can be summarized in a flowchart proof.
Find the measures of the angles
Find the measures of the angles that are marked in the figure.