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{{ printedBook.courseTrack.name }} {{ printedBook.name }} **Multiplication** is one of the four basic Arithmetic Operations. It can be thought as a repeated addition since multiplying two numbers is equivalent to add as many copies of one of them, called the **multiplicand**, as the quantity of the other one, called the **multiplier**. The result is called **product**.

As indicated in the diagram above, multiplication can be represented with the sign $\times$

but there are other ways to represent it. Another common notation is using a mid-line dot $\cdot$

.
$\begin{gathered}
2\cdot 3 = 6
\end{gathered}$
It is important to notice that the order in which the operation is performed doesn't affect the result. This property is know as Commutative Property of Multiplication.
$\begin{gathered}
2 \times 3 = 6 \\ 3 \times 2 = 6
\end{gathered}$
Because of this property, both the multiplicand and multiplier could play each other's role, so it is very common to refer to both indistinctly as factors.