is one of the four basic arithmetic operations. It can be thought of as repeated . Multiplying two numbers is equivalent to adding as many copies of one of the numbers, called the multiplicand
, as many times as indicated by the other number, called the multiplier
. The result is called the product
As indicated in the diagram above, multiplication can be represented with the sign
. However, there are other ways to represent this operation. Another common notation is using a mid-line dot
It is important to notice that the order in which the operation is performed does not affect the result. This property is known as the .
Because of this property, both the multiplicand and multiplier could play each other's role. Thus, it is very common to refer to both indistinctly as .