The parallel line must have the slope m=21. This means we only have to find the y-intercept of the given line to graph it. The y-intercept of a parallel line can not be the same as the y-intercept of the given line.
We can choose any y-intercept not equal to (0,1). Let's go with (0,4). Plot that point and another one using the slope. Then complete the graph with a line through the points.
The product of the slopes of perpendicular lines is -1. Put in m2=21 into the formula m1⋅m2=-1 and solve for the slope of the perpendicular line. This will give us the slope of our new line, the perpendicular one.
The line's slope is then m2=-2. The second thing we know about perpendicular lines is that they will intersect in one point. It doesn't matter which point you choose as the point of intersection as long as it is on the given line.