To graph the equations, first we use their constants to plot the -intercepts. It is the number of people that live in the country when
Now, we will use the information about the slope. In this case it is how much the population increase each year. Since it is hard to plot decimals in the graph, let's rewrite the slopes as rise and run. Thus, for step to the right on the -axis, we should move and units up.
The graphs can now be completed with lines through the points.
To find the year where the populations will be equal, we have to determine the point at which the graphs intersect.
When the countries will have the same population. Since is described as years after 2019 we should add to to find the correct year.