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Describing Quadratic Functions

Describing Quadratic Functions 1.7 - Solution

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We want to identify the vertex, axis of symmetry, absolute maximum or minimum value, domain, and range of the given quadratic function. To do so, we will first express it in vertex form, where and are either positive or negative constants. It is important to note that we do not need to graph the parabola to identify the desired information. Let's compare the general formula for the vertex form to our equation. We can see that and


The vertex of a quadratic function written in vertex form is the point For this exercise, we have and Therefore, the vertex of the given equation is

Axis of symmetry

The axis of symmetry of a quadratic function written in vertex form is the vertical line with equation As we have already noticed, for our function, this is Thus, the axis of symmetry is the line

Maximum or minimum value

Before we determine the maximum or minimum recall that, if the parabola opens upwards. Conversely, if the parabola opens downwards.

In the given function, we have which is less than Thus, the parabola opens downwards and we will have a maximum value. The minimum or maximum value of a parabola is always the coordinate of the vertex, For this function, it is

Domain and Range

Unless there is a specific restriction given in the context of the problem, the domain of a quadratic function is all real numbers. In this case, there is no restriction on the value of Since the maximum value of the function is the range is all real numbers less than or equal to